Silent Directors (international)

by quietgiant2 | created - 12 Jan 2011 | updated - 1 month ago | Public

RELATED LISTS U.S. Silent Directors http://www.imdb.com/list/ls000038354/?publish=save European directors that had work in Hollywood as Stroheim,Murnau,Chaplin,Sjöström,Sternberg,Lubitsch,Frank Lloyd,Paul Leni,d'Arrast,Louis Gasnier,Maurice Tourner or Herbert Brenon are included in this list above. Producers http://www.imdb.com/list/ls003918659/

1. Sergei M. Eisenstein

Director | Oktyabr

The son of an affluent architect, Eisenstein attended the Institute of Civil Engineering in Petrograd as a young man. With the fall of the tsar in 1917, he worked as an engineer for the Red Army. In the following years, Eisenstein joined up with the Moscow Proletkult Theater as a set designer and ...

2. Georg Wilhelm Pabst

Director | Komödianten

Georg Wilhelm Pabst is considered by many to be the greatest director of German cinema, in his era. He was especially appreciated by actors and actresses for the humane way in which he treated them. This was in contrast to some of his contemporaries, such as Arnold Fanck, who have been ...

3. Carl Theodor Dreyer

Writer | La passion de Jeanne d'Arc

The illegitimate son of a Danish farmer and his Swedish housekeeper, Carl Theodor Dreyer was born in Copenhagen on the 3th of February, 1889. He spent his early years in various foster homes before being adopted by the Dreyers at the age of two. Contrary to popular belief (perhaps nourished by the ...

4. Abel Gance

Writer | La dame aux camélias

Born an illegitimate son of a wealthy physician, Abel Flamant, and a working class mother, Francoise Perethon. He was raised by his mother and her boyfriend, who later became her husband, Adolphe Gance. Pressured by his parents, he began his working career as a lawyer's clerk in hopes of achieving ...

5. Jacques Feyder

Director | Pension Mimosas

Jacques Feyder was born on July 21, 1885 in Ixelles, Brabant, Belgium as Jacques Léon Louis Frédérix. He was a director and writer, known for Pension Mimosas (1935), Carnival in Flanders (1935) and Le grand jeu (1934). He was married to Françoise Rosay. He died on May 24, 1948 in Rive-de-Prangins, ...

6. Fritz Lang

Actor | Le mépris

Fritz Lang was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1890. His father managed a construction company. His mother, Pauline Schlesinger, was Jewish but converted to Catholicism when Lang was ten. After high school, he enrolled briefly at the Technische Hochschule Wien and then started to train as a painter. ...

7. Louis Feuillade

Director | Les vampires

A prolific director--over 700 films, most of them short- or medium-length--Louis Feuillade began his career with Gaumont where, as well as directing his own features, he was appointed artistic director in charge of production in 1907. His work was largely comprised of film series; his first series,...

8. Kenji Mizoguchi

Director | Saikaku ichidai onna

Coming from a lower class family Mizoguchi entered the production company Nikkatsu as an actor specialized in female roles. Later he became an assistant director and made his first film in 1922. Although he filmed almost 90 movies in the silent era, only his last 12 productions are really known ...

9. Yasujirô Ozu

Director | Tôkyô monogatari

Tokyo-born Yasujiro Ozu was a movie buff from childhood, often playing hooky from school in order to see Hollywood movies in his local theatre. In 1923 he landed a job as a camera assistant at Shochiku Studios in Tokyo. Three years later, he was made an assistant director and directed his first ...

10. Jean Renoir

Writer | La règle du jeu

Son of the famous Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste, he had a happy childhood. Pierre Renoir was his brother, and Claude Renoir was his nephew. After the end of World War I, where he won the Croix de Guerre, he moved from scriptwriting to filmmaking. He married Catherine Hessling, for whom he ...

11. René Clair

Writer | Le silence est d'or

René Clair was born on November 11, 1898 in Paris, France as René-Lucien Chomette. He was a writer and director, known for Man About Town (1947), The Grand Maneuver (1955) and Beauties of the Night (1952). He was married to Bronia Clair. He died on March 15, 1981 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, ...

12. Georges Méliès

Director | À la conquête du pôle

Georges Méliès was a French illusionist and film director famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema.

Méliès was an especially prolific innovator in the use of special effects, popularizing such techniques as substitution splices, multiple exposures, ...

13. Alfred Hitchcock

Director | Psycho

Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. He was the son of Emma Jane (Whelan; 1863 - 1942) and East End greengrocer William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914). His parents were both of half English and half Irish ancestry. He had two older siblings, William Hitchcock (born 1890) and ...

14. Luis Buñuel

Writer | Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie

The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the ...

15. Aleksandr Dovzhenko

Writer | Zemlya

Aleksandr Dovzhenko was born on September 10, 1894 in Vyunishche, Sosnitsa Ueyzd, Chernigov Governorate, Russian Empire as Aleksandr Petrovich Dovzhenko. He was a writer and director, known for Earth (1930), Life in Bloom (1949) and Shors (1939). He was married to Yuliya Solntseva. He died on ...

16. Yakov Protazanov

Director | L'angoissante aventure

Yakov Protazanov was born on February 4, 1881 in Moscow, Russian Empire as Yakov Aleksandrovich Protazanov. He was a director and writer, known for A Narrow Escape (1920), Adventures in Bokhara (1943) and Without Dowry (1937). He died on August 9, 1945 in Moscow, Russian SFSR, USSR.

17. Vsevolod Pudovkin

Director | Admiral Nakhimov

Vsevolod Pudovkin was born on February 28, 1893 in Penza, Russian Empire as Vsevolod Illarionovich Pudovkin. He was a director and actor, known for Admiral Nakhimov (1947), Zhukovsky (1950) and Minin i Pozharskiy (1939). He was married to Anna Zemtsova. He died on June 30, 1953 in Jurmala, Latvian ...

18. Ferdinand Zecca

Director | La lutte pour la vie

Was a cafe concert entertainer before Charles Pathe noticed him during the Universal Exhibition, where Zecca had been assigned to Pathe's stand. After a few daysPathe asked Zecca if he would like to work in cinematography. Zecca immediately accepted the offer and rapidly became Pathe's right hand ...

19. Émile Cohl

Director | L'agent de poche

Pioneering animator Emile Cohl was born Emile Eugène Jean Louis Courtet in Paris, France, in 1857. He began his career as a caricaturist, cartoonist and writer in his 20s, and in 1908 he was hired by the Gaumont film company as a writer. He soon also became a director, turning out comedies and ...

20. Enrico Guazzoni

Director | Miryam

Former painter and designer, who pioneered epic motion pictures - replete with vast sets and huge casts - before D.W. Griffith and Hollywood cornered the market. Famous, particularly, for 'Quo Vadis ?' (1912). Doubled as art director on his own films. Active until 1943.

21. Emilio Ghione

Actor | I topi grigi

Emilio Ghione was born on July 30, 1879 in Turin, Piedmont, Italy as Emilio Luigi Carlo giuseppe Maria Ghione. He was an actor and director, known for I topi grigi (1918), Za-la-Mort (1915) and Il triangolo giallo (1917). He died on January 7, 1930 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.

22. Giovanni Pastrone

Director | Cabiria

Giovanni Pastrone was born on September 13, 1883 in Montechiaro d'Asti, Piedmont, Italy. He was a director and writer, known for Cabiria (1914), The Warrior (1916) and Julius Caesar (1909). He died on June 27, 1959 in Turin, Piedmont.

23. André Calmettes

Director | La dame aux camélias

André Calmettes was born on August 18, 1861 in Paris, France. He was a director and actor, known for Camille (1912), Tosca (1908) and La Tosca (1909). He died on March 14, 1942 in Paris.

24. Segundo de Chomón

Director | Un portero modelo

Segundo de Chomón became involved in film through his wife, who was an actress in Pathé films. In 1902 he became a concessionary for Pathé in Barcelona, distributing its product in Spanish-speaking countries and managing a factory for the coloring of Pathé films. He began shooting footage of ...

25. Paul Czinner

Director | Escape Me Never

Was a drama critic at the age of 16.

26. Louis Delluc

Director | Fumée noire

Louis Delluc was born on October 14, 1890 in Le Buisson-de-Cadouin, Dordogne, France. He was a director and writer, known for Fumée noire (1920), The Woman from Nowhere (1922) and The Flood (1924). He was married to Ève Francis. He died on March 22, 1924 in Paris, France.

27. Richard Oswald

Director | Die Reise um die Erde in 80 Tagen

Director and producer of many German as well as a few American, British and French films, Richard Oswald started making films in 1914 and shortly formed his own production company. After making many successful films and discovering several important performers, he fled his homeland after the Nazi ...

28. Ewald André Dupont

Writer | Varieté

German film director E.A. Dupont was an influential critic and newspaper columnist before breaking into the film industry. He wrote several screenplays and worked as a story editor for Richard Oswald before turning to directing in 1917. Over the next eight years Dupont became a respected exponent ...

Die Geierwally , Das alte Gesetz , Variety , Piccadilly...

29. Maurice Elvey

Director | The Glad Eye

Maurice Elvey was born in Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham, England, the oldest son of William Clarence Folkard, an inspecting engineer, and Sarah Anna Seward Folkard (formerly Pearce). He never had a formal education, and was working on the streets of London by the age of nine after having run away...

30. Arnold Fanck

Director | Die weiße Hölle vom Piz Palü

Arnold Fanck was born March 6, 1889, in Frankenthal, Germany. A trained geologist, he began making documentary and action films after the end of World War I, and his love of geology inspired him to shoot his films in remote mountain locations. These pictures became immensely popular with the German...

31. Friedrich Feher

Actor | Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari

Friedrich Feher was born on March 16, 1889 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary as Friedrich Weiss. He was a director and actor, known for The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920), The Robber Symphony (1937) and Emilia Galotti (1913). He was married to Magda Sonja. He died on September 30, 1950 in Stuttgart, ...

32. José A. Ferreyra

Director | Calles de Buenos Aires

José A. Ferreyra was born on August 28, 1889 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He was a director and writer, known for Calles de Buenos Aires (1934), La gaucha (1921) and Mientras Buenos Aires duerme (1924). He died on January 29, 1943 in Buenos Aires.

33. Carmine Gallone

Director | Giuseppe Verdi

Carmine Gallone was born on September 10, 1885 in Taggia, Liguria, Italy as Carmelo Camillo Gallone. He was a director and writer, known for The Life of Giuseppe Verdi (1938), Scipione l'africano (1937) and Odessa in fiamme (1942). He was married to Soava Gallone. He died on March 12, 1973 in ...

Gli ultimi giorni di Pompeii Malombra

34. Karl Grune

Director | Schlagende Wetter

Karl Grune (22 January 1890 - 2 October 1962) was an Austrian film director and writer who made many silent films in the 1920s.

Grune was born in Vienna, where he later attended drama school. He volunteered in the First World War, where an injury temporarily deprived him of the ability to speak in ...

35. Georg Jacoby

Director | Maske in Blau

Georg Jacoby was an actor, film and theatre director. He started to play on stage in 1915 and in cinema in WWI propaganda films. After 1919, he was only a film director. In 1922, he made The Little Napoleon (1923) ("The Little Napoleon"), in which Marlene Dietrich had a bit part. His first wife was...

36. Alexander Korda

Director | The Private Life of Don Juan

One of a large group of Hungarian refugees who found refuge in England in the 1930s, Sir Alexander Korda was the first British film producer to receive a knighthood. He was a major, if controversial, figure and acted as a guiding force behind the British film industry of the 1930s and continued to ...

37. Zoltan Korda

Director | Cry, the Beloved Country

A one time Hungarian cavalry officer, Zoltan Korda started working in films as a cameraman then an editor before becoming a director with London Films run by his brother Alexander Korda. Zoltan had strong liberal/socialist ideals and often clashed with Alexander, who, despite their both being born ...

38. Dimitri Kirsanoff

Director | Ménilmontant

In France from 1923. Kirsanoff was at the forefront of Parisian avant-garde filmmaking thanks to works such as Ménilmontant (1926), which combined soviet style montage with hand-held camerawork and lyrically composed static shots. Kirsanoff's early silent films, many starring his first wife Nadia ...

39. Viktor Tourjansky

Director | Hôtel des étudiants

Viktor Tourjansky was a Russian film director who emigrated after the communist revolution of 1917, and worked in France, Germany, USA, UK, and Italy.

He was born Viacheslav Konstantinovich Turzhanski on March 4, 1891, in Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire (now Kiyiv, Ukraine). Studied painting and art ...

40. Viggo Larsen

Director | Der Eid des Stephan Huller

Viggo Larsen was born on August 14, 1880 in Copenhagen, Denmark. He was a director and actor, known for Der Eid des Stephan Huller (1912), The Grey Lady (1909) and Das Kriegslied der Rheinarmee (1914). He died on January 6, 1957 in Copenhagen.

41. Gerhard Lamprecht

Director | Die Unehelichen

Gerhard Lamprecht was born on October 6, 1897 in Berlin, Germany. He was a director and writer, known for Children of No Importance (1926), Schwester Veronica (1927) and Menschen untereinander (1926). He was married to Elisabeth Donath. He died on May 4, 1974 in West Berlin, West Germany.

42. Lev Kuleshov

Director | Po zakonu

Lev Kuleshov was a Russian director who used the editing technique known as the "Kuleshov effect." Although some of the editing innovations, such as crosscutting were used by other directors before him, Kuleshov was the first to use it in the Soviet Russia. he was driving a Ford sports car amidst ...

43. Teinosuke Kinugasa

Director | Jigokumon

Former female impersonator who entered films in 1917 as an actor, turned to directing in 1922 and made some of the most formally brilliant Japanese films of the following decades. The few of Kinugasa's early works to have reached the West betray a highly mature, sophisticated talent. His best-known...

44. Germaine Dulac

Director | La souriante Madame Beudet

The daughter of a cavalry captain, she was raised by a grandmother in Paris, where she studied various forms of art with an emphasis on music and the opera. In 1905 she married engineer-novelist Marie-Louis Albert-Dulac and under his influence veered toward journalism. As one of the leading radical...

45. André Antoine

Director | La terre

André Antoine was born on January 31, 1858 in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, France as Léonard-André Antoine. He was a director and writer, known for La terre (1921), Mademoiselle de La Seiglière (1921) and L'Hirondelle et la Mésange (1924). He died on October 19, 1943 in Le Pouliguen, ...

46. Karl Anton

Director | Immer nur Du

Karl Anton was born on October 25, 1898 in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary as Karel Anton. He was a director and writer, known for You Only You (1941), Die Wirtin zum Weißen Röß'l (1943) and Peter Voss, der Millionendieb (1946). He was married to Ruth Buchardt-Hansen. He died on ...

47. José Leitão de Barros

Director | Ala-Arriba!

José Leitão de Barros was born on October 22, 1896 in Lisbon, Portugal as José Júlio Marques Leitão de Barros. He was a director and writer, known for Ala-Arriba! (1942), Camões (1946) and Lisboa (1930). He was married to Helena Roque Gameiro. He died on June 29, 1967 in Lisbon.

48. Humberto Mauro

Director | Braza Dormida

Pioneer of Brazilian cinema. Humberto Mauro began his career in the provinces in 1926 and was brought to Rio de Janeiro by producer-director Adhemar Gonzaga in 1930. He went on to direct several features which were praised for their uniquely Brazilian style - notably Ganga Bruta (1933) - as well as...

49. Thomas Bentley

Director | After Office Hours

Thomas Bentley was born on February 23, 1884 in St George Hanover Square, London, England as William Dearsley Horn. He was a director and writer, known for After Office Hours (1932), The Old Curiosity Shop (1913) and Hard Times (1915). He died on December 23, 1966 in Bournemouth, England.

50. Graham Cutts

Director | Woman to Woman

Graham Cutts' career in the film industry began in 1909, when he became a film exhibitor. It wasn't long before he got involved in the production end of the business, and became a director in 1922. He was a co-founder of the prestigious studio Gainsborough Films, and while at Gainsborough guided ...

51. Herbert Wilcox

Producer | Victoria the Great

Herbert Wilcox was born on April 19, 1890 in West Norwood, London, England as Herbert Sydney Wilcox. He was a producer and director, known for Victoria the Great (1937), Spring in Park Lane (1948) and Chu-Chin-Chow (1923). He was married to Anna Neagle, Maud Violet Bower and Dorothy Brown. He died ...

52. J. Stuart Blackton

Director | The Glorious Adventure

J. Stuart Blackton came to the US with his family from Sheffield, England, in 1885 at age 10, settling in New York. He became friends with Albert E. Smith - who later became his business partner and headed Vitagraph Studios - in 1894 and they started a short-lived vaudeville act together. Blackton ...

53. August Blom

Director | Verdens Undergang

August Blom was born on December 26, 1869 in Copenhagen, Denmark. He was a director and actor, known for The End of the World (1916), Kærlighedslængsel (1916) and Kærligheds-Væddemaalet (1917). He died on January 10, 1947 in Copenhagen.

54. Carl Boese

Director | Lemkes sel. Witwe

The director Carl Boese finished an education in art history, dramatics and philosophy before he started his professional life as a reader. He soon changed to the Stadttheater Leipzig where he worked as a dramatic adviser.

55. Géza von Bolváry

Director | Opernball

Géza von Bolváry was born on December 26, 1897 in Budapest, Austria-Hungary as Géza Maria von Bolváry-Zahn. He was a director and actor, known for Opernball (1939), Frühjahrsparade (1934) and Zwischen Strom und Steppe (1939). He was married to Helene von Bolvary. He died on August 10, 1961 in ...

57. Paul Wegener

Actor | Der Student von Prag

Paul Wegener was born in Arnoldsdorf, West Prussia, part of the German Empire. His birthplace is currently part of Poland, under the name "Jarantowice". Wegener's family included a number of scientists, the most notable being his cousin Alfred Wegener (1880-1930). Alfred is remembered as the ...

58. Rudolf Biebrach

Actor | Auf der Alm, da gibt's ka Sünd

Rudolf Biebrach was born on November 24, 1866 in Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony. He was an actor and director, known for Auf der Alm, da gibt's ka Sünd (1915), Die rollende Kugel (1919) and Das Maskenfest des Lebens (1918). He died on September 5, 1938 in Berlin, Germany.

59. Henrik Galeen

Writer | Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens

Henrik Galeen was born on January 7, 1881 in Stryj, Galicia, Austria-Hungary as Heinrich Wiesenberg. He was a writer and director, known for Nosferatu (1922), The Golem (1915) and A Daughter of Destiny (1928). He was married to Comptess Ilse von Schenk and Elvira Adler. He died on July 30, 1949 in ...

60. Pyotr Chardynin

Director | Myortvye dushi

Pyotr (Peter, Petr) Chardynin was a prolific silent film director who made over 100 silent films in Russia, France, Germany, and Soviet Union.

He was born Pyotr Ivanovich Krasavtsev, on 28 January 1972, in Simbirsk, Russian Empire (now Ulyanovsk, Russia). His father was a small business owner, his ...

61. Dziga Vertov

Director | Chelovek s kino-apparatom

Born in Bialystok, Poland, studied music and enrolled in St. Petersburg Neurological Institute in 1916. Worked on first Soviet newsreel, Kinonedelia (1918-1919), then on subsequent newsreel series (inc. Kinopravda, 1922-1925).

62. Mario Caserini

Director | Romeo e Giulietta

Mario Caserini was born on February 26, 1874 in Rome, Lazio, Italy. He was a director and actor, known for Romeo and Juliet (1908), Captain Fracasse (1919) and The Last Days of Pompeii (1913). He was married to Maria Caserini. He died on November 17, 1920 in Rome.

63. Urban Gad

Director | Das Kind ruft

He was also not able to continue his film career in his native country and his last cinematical work came into being with "Lykkehjulet - Das Glücksrad/Pat und Patachon: Das entschwundene Testament" (1926).

64. Arthur Robison

Director | Die Todesschleife

American-born, of German-Jewish background. He was brought up in Germany and studied medicine at the University of Munich. Practised as a doctor, before entering films in 1914 as writer/director. Best known for the nightmarish Warning Shadows (1923), an early masterpiece of German expressionist ...

Nächte des Grauens , Schatten , Manon Lescaut , Die Todesschleife .... talking_ The Informer , der student von Prag

65. Wilhelm Thiele

Director | The Madonna's Secret

Wilhelm Thiele was born on May 10, 1890 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary as Wilhelm Isersohn. He was a director and writer, known for The Madonna's Secret (1946), Madame hat Ausgang (1931) and The Jungle Princess (1936). He died on September 7, 1975 in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, California, USA.

66. Léon Poirier

Director | L'appel du silence

Léon Poirier was born on August 25, 1884 in Paris, France as Louis Marie Léon Alfred Poirier. He was a director and writer, known for The Call (1936), Soeurs d'armes (1937) and La voie sans disque (1933). He died on June 27, 1968 in Urval, Dordogne, France.

67. Joe May

Director | Asphalt

A businessman and operetta director, Joe May, one of the founders of the German cinema, started directing films in 1911 and started his own production company a few years later. He gave famous German director Fritz Lang his start in films, employing him as a screenwriter in his early films. After ...

68. Gustaf Molander

Director | En stilla flirt

He attended the Royal Dramatic Theatre's acting school 1907-1909 and went on to become an actor at the same theatre 1913-1926. His first work for the movies was the script to Thomas Graals bästa film (1917) and the follow-up Thomas Graal's Best Child (1918). He made his directing debut with ...

69. Luigi Maggi

Director | Gli ultimi giorni di Pompeii

Luigi Maggi was born on December 21, 1867 in Turin, Italy. He was a director and actor, known for The Last Days of Pompeii (1908), I conquistatori (1921) and Angeli e demoni (1921). He died on August 22, 1946 in Turin.

71. Paul Leni

Director | The Man Who Laughs

Paul Leni was born on July 8, 1885 in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany as Paul Josef Levi. He was an art director and director, known for The Man Who Laughs (1928), Das Rätsel von Bangalor (1918) and Das Tagebuch des Dr. Hart (1918). He died on September 2, 1929 in Los Angeles, California...

72. Raymond Longford

Director | The Mutiny of the Bounty

Raymond Longford was born on September 23, 1878 in Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia as John Walter Longford. He was a director and writer, known for The Mutiny of the Bounty (1916), The Sentimental Bloke (1919) and Gentleman in Mufti (1923). He was married to Emilie Elizabeth Anschutz and Melena ...

73. Fyodor Otsep

Director | Miss Mend

Fyodor Otsep was born on February 9, 1895 in Moscow, Russian Empire. He was a director and writer, known for The Adventures of the Three Reporters (1926), Amok (1934) and Der Mörder Dimitri Karamasoff (1931). He was married to Anna Sten. He died on June 20, 1949 in Los Angeles, California, USA.

74. Benito Perojo

Director | Goyescas

Benito Perojo was born on June 14, 1894 in Madrid, Spain. He was a director and producer, known for Goyescas (1942), A Prisoner Has Escaped (1935) and Marianela (1940). He died on November 11, 1974 in Madrid.

75. Marcel L'Herbier

Director | L'inhumaine

Marcel L'Herbier was born on April 23, 1888 in Paris, France. He was a director and writer, known for L'inhumaine (1924), Le bonheur (1934) and Sacrifice d'honneur (1935). He was married to Marcelle Pradot. He died on November 26, 1979 in Paris.

L'Affaire du Collier de la Reine La Nuit Fantastique L'Argent The Inhuman Woman

76. Gustav Machatý

Director | Ekstase

Gustav Machatý was born on May 9, 1901 in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (now the Czech Republic). His first experience with the motion picture industry was playing piano at movie theaters, accompanying silent pictures. In 1917, he made his debut as an actor.

In the early 1920s, he emigrated to ...

77. Max Reinhardt

Director | A Midsummer Night's Dream

Max Reinhardt was from an Austrian merchant family (surname officially changed from the family name Goldmann to Reinhardt in 1904), and even as a boy, after his family moved to Vienna, he haunted the "Hofburg Theater" and tried to see every play. In 1890 he studied at the Sulkowsky Theater in ...

78. Florián Rey

Writer | La aldea maldita

Spanish director Florian Rey began his career in the film industry in the 1920s as an actor, but he soon switched careers and directed his first film in 1924. His 1927 film Sister San Sulpicio (1927) starred Spanish actress Imperio Argentina, whom he later married. His best-known film is The Cursed...

79. Grigoriy Kozintsev

Director | Gamlet

Grigori Mikhailovich Kozintsev was born on March 22, 1905, in Kiev, Russian Empire (now Kiev, Ukraine). His father, named Mikhail Kozintsev, was a medical doctor. Young Kozintsev studied at the Kiev Gymnazium. There, in 1919, he organized experimental theatre "Arlekin" together with his fellow ...

80. Gustavo Serena

Actor | Assunta Spina

Gustavo Serena was born on October 5, 1881 in Naples, Campania, Italy. He was an actor and director, known for Assunta Spina (1915), La signora delle camelie (1915) and Zappatore (1930). He died on April 16, 1970 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.

81. Reinhold Schünzel

Actor | Notorious

The son of a German father and a Jewish mother, Schünzel was born in St. Pauli -- the best known, but also the poorest part of Hamburg. His father started off as an actor but economic circumstances forced him to turn towards commerce. For a while, the son followed in his footsteps. He undertook ...

82. Ugo Falena

Director | Lucrezia Borgia

Ugo Falena was born on April 25, 1875 in Rome, Lazio, Italy. He was a director and writer, known for Lucrezia Borgia (1910), Il re fantasma (1914) and La vagabonda (1918). He died on September 20, 1931 in Rome.

83. Robert Wiene

Director | Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari

Robert Wiene was born on April 24, 1873 in Breslau, Silesia, Germany. He was a writer and director, known for The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920), L'autre (1930) and The Knight of the Rose (1925). He died on July 17, 1938 in Paris, France.

84. Louis Mercanton

Director | Vénus

Louis Mercanton was born in 1879 in Switzerland as Louis Samuel Eugène Mercanton. He was a director and writer, known for Vénus (1929), Oh! Ce baiser! (1918) and Vendetta (1914). He died on April 29, 1932 in Paris, France.

85. Eduard Schnedler-Sørensen

Director | Fjeldpigen

Eduard Schnedler-Sørensen was born on September 22, 1886 in Denmark. He was a director and writer, known for Fjeldpigen (1917), Pigen fra Klubben (1918) and Pigen fra Palls (1916). He died on September 30, 1947 in Denmark.

86. Oskar Messter

Producer | Rapunzel

Only in 1924 he realised a movie again for the last time called "Der Sprung ins Leben" (1924).

87. Julien Duvivier

Writer | Pépé le Moko

Revered by such legendary fellow directors as Ingmar Bergman and Jean Renoir, Julien Duvivier is one of the greatest figures in the history of French cinema and of world cinema in general. He is perhaps the most neglected of the "Big Five" of classic French cinema (the other four being Jean Renoir,...

88. Carl Froelich

Director | Heimat

His first "cinematic" contacts came about as a employee of the Oskar Messter company where he worked in the construction department for cinematographic apparatuses.

89. Franz Porten

Director | Der Trompeter von Säckingen

Franz Porten was born on August 23, 1859 in Zeltingen, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. He was a director and writer, known for Der Trompeter von Säckingen (1918), Othello (1908) and Theodor Körner (1914). He died on May 21, 1932 in Berlin, Germany.

90. Jean Grémillon

Director | Pattes blanches

An educated man,Jean Grémillon (b.1898) should almost be mentioned in the same breath as the big five of the golden age of the French cinema (Carné,Renoir,Duvivier, Feyder and Clair).Some of his plans never came to anything:for instance ,after WW2 ,only three movies, which is too few,for such a man.

...

91. Émile Reynaud

Director | Pauvre Pierrot

His father was a watchmaker, his mother a schoolteacher. He was taught by his parents, and they believed he should learn whilst having fun. When his father died, him and mother both left Paris for Puy-en-Velay. He became a professor of physics and natural sciences, and taught from 1873 to 1877. ...

92. Jean Epstein

Director | La chute de la maison Usher

Jean Epstein was born on March 25, 1897 in Warsaw, Poland, Russian Empire. He was a director and writer, known for The Fall of the House of Usher (1928), Mauprat (1926) and The Three-Sided Mirror (1927). He died on April 2, 1953 in Paris, France.

93. Karel Lamac

Director | Wo die Lerche singt

Karel Lamac was born on January 27, 1897 in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary. He was a director and actor, known for Wo die Lerche singt (1936), Dobrý voják Svejk (1926) and Svejk na fronte (1926). He was married to Anny Ondra. He died on August 2, 1952 in Hamburg, Germany.

94. Jenö Janovics

Producer | A szerelem haláltusája

Director and Managing Director Jenö Janovics was one of the pioneers of film in Hungary. He was instrumental in the formation of a systematic film production: Between 1914-17 his film companies Proja and Corvin worked with influential directors like Michael Curtiz, Márton Garas and Alexander Korda....

95. Yevgeny Bauer

Director | Nabat

Yevgeni Bauer was the most important filmmaker of the early Russian cinema, who made about eighty silent films in 5 years before the Russian Revolution of 1917.

He was born Yevgeni Frantsevich Bauer in 1865, in Moscow, Russia, into an artistic family. His father, Franz Bauer, was a renown musician ...

96. Wladyslaw Starewicz

Director | Zhitel nyeobitayemovo ostrova

Although his name nowadays means very little except to animation buffs (and even they have to be pretty well informed), Wladyslaw Starewicz ranks alongside Walt Disney, as one of the great animation pioneers, and his career started nearly a decade before Disney's. He became an animator by accident ...

97. Victorin-Hippolyte Jasset

Director | Protéa

French film pioneer, a former painter and sculptor. Designed costumes for the stage, then moved on to film as producer and director of early crime and adventure serials.

98. José Buchs

Director | Una extraña aventura de Luis Candelas

José Buchs was born on January 16, 1896 in Santander, Spain as José Buchs Echeandía. He was a director and writer, known for Una extraña aventura de Luis Candelas (1926), El conde de Maravillas (1927) and Aventuras de don Juan de Mairena (1948). He died on January 30, 1973 in Madrid, Spain.

99. Wolfgang Neff

Director | Zirkus Renz

Wolfgang Neff was born on September 8, 1875 in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary. He is a director and actor, known for Zirkus Renz (1927), Das Achtgroschenmädel, Teil 1 (1921) and Und die Gerechtigkeit fand den Weg (1916).

Ich war zu Heidelberg Student (1927) is missing

100. Walter Ruttmann

Cinematographer | Metropolis

Walter Ruttmann was born on December 28, 1887 in Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany as Friedrich Wilhelm Walter Ruttmann. He was a director and writer, known for Metropolis (1927), Mannesmann - Ein Film der Mannesmannröhren-Werke (1937) and Acciaio (1933). He was married to Christine Margarete Helene ...



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