Authors

by mendoncagoncalo | created - 28 Apr 2018 | updated - 4 months ago | Public

No Thomas Browne, Cesar Vallejo, Edmund Spenser, Horace, Andrei Bely, Rossetti, Swinburne, Verlaine or Schopenhauer because i couldn't find them on imdb

1. Rainer Maria Rilke

Writer | René

Rainer Maria Rilke was born in Prague on the 4th of December 1878 as the son of a military man working with railroads. After he visited a military Upper School he tried to avoid the army and did the preparations for the final exams and the final exams in private. He went to university to study ...

2. Arthur Rimbaud

Writer | Ein großer graublauer Vogel

Arthur Rimbaud was born on October 20, 1854 in Charleville-Mézières, Ardennes, France as Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud. He was a writer, known for A Big Grey-Blue Bird (1970), Criminal Lovers (1999) and Vagabonds imaginaires (1950). He died on November 10, 1891 in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France.

3. André Malraux

Writer | L'espoir

André Malraux was born on November 3, 1901 in Paris, France. He was a writer and director, known for L'espoir (1940), Piège pour une fille seule (1974) and Communists (2014). He was married to Madeleine Lioux and Clara Goldsmidt. He died on November 23, 1976 in Créteil, Val-de-Marne, France.

4. Fyodor Dostoevsky

Writer | The Double

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky was born on November 11, 1821, in Moscow, Russia. He was the second of seven children of Mikhail Andreevich and Maria Dostoevsky. His father, a doctor, was a member of the Russian nobility, owned serfs and had a considerable estate near Moscow where he lived with his ...

5. Jorge Luis Borges

Writer | Invasión

Borges was born into an upper class family, and received his education in Buenos Aires, Cambridge, and Geneva. He began writing as a student, and when in 1918 he settled in Spain, it was as a member of an experimental literary group. He returned to Argentina in 1921, and had his first poems ...

6. Louis-Ferdinand Céline

Writer | Die Nacht

Louis-Ferdinand Céline was born on May 27, 1894 in Courbevoie, Seine [now Hauts-de-Seine], France as Louis-Ferdinand Destouches. He was a writer, known for Die Nacht (1985), Assassins: A Film Concerning Rimbaud (1985) and Die Finsternis (2005). He was married to Lucette Almanzor and Edith Follet. ...

7. Samuel Beckett

Writer | Beckett Directs Beckett: Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett

One of the twentieth century's most original and important writers, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1969, Samuel Beckett was the author of 'Waiting for Godot' (1952), one of the few plays in theatrical history to redefine the possibilities of the medium. Long fascinated by the cinema (...

8. Marcel Proust

Writer | Un amour de Swann

Marcel Proust was a French intellectual, author and critic, best known for his seven-volume fiction 'In search of Lost Time'. He coined the term "involuntary memory", which became also known as "Proust effect" in modern psychology.

He was born Valentin Louis Georges Eugéne Marcel Proust, on July 10, ...

9. Bertolt Brecht

Writer | Die Dreigroschenoper

Bertolt Brecht was born on 10 February 1898 in Augsburg, Germany and one of the country's most influential poets, playwrights and screenwriters. His most famous work was the musical "The Threepenny Opera" (with Kurt Weill), but his dramas such as "Mother Courage and Her Children" or "The Good ...

10. Stendhal

Writer | The Red and the Black

A foremost French writer of the Romantic era, Stendhal was born Marie-Henri Beyle in Grenoble, France in 1783. A loyal Bonapartist he followed Napoleon closely during his military campaigns Stendhal's novels reflect his intense love of Italy, his political convictions and the moral and ...

12. James Joyce

Writer | The Dead

Joyce was born at 41 Brighton Square, Rathgar, Dublin, on 2 February 1882. His father invested unwisely, and the family's fortunes declined steadily. Joyce graduated from University College Dublin (UCD), in 1902. He briefly studied medicine in Paris but his mother's impending death from cancer ...

13. Robert Frost

Writer | Telefon

Robert Lee Frost, arguably the greatest American poet of the 20th century, was born in San Francisco, California, on March 26, 1874. His father, William Prescott Frost Jr., was from a Lawrence, Massachusetts, family of Republicans, and his mother, Isabelle Moodie Frost, was an immigrant from ...

14. Homer

Writer | Troy

Homer is the name traditionally ascribed to the brilliant Greek bard that authored, most notably, the Iliad and the Odyssey (Western civilization's first complete stories). Nothing concrete is known of his life, but he is traditionally thought to be blind and was probably born in either Chios or ...

15. Nikolai Leskov

Writer | Lady Macbeth von Mzensk

Nikolai Leskov was born in 1831, in Gorokhovo, Orel province, Russia. His parents belonged to Russian gentry and owned an estate with serfs. He was a Gymnasium student until the age of 15. In 1846 his father died and a disastrous fire destroyed the family estate and ruined him financially. Leskov ...

16. Herman Melville

Writer | The Enigma of Benito Cereno

Herman Melville was born on August 1, 1819 in New York City, New York, USA. He was a writer, known for The Enigma of Benito Cereno, Moby Dick and The Sea Beast (1926). He was married to Elizabeth Shaw. He died on September 28, 1891 in New York City.

17. Knut Hamsun

Writer | Poslední radost

Norwegian novelist Knut Hamsun was born to a poor family and sent to live with an uncle, a commercial fisherman. He grew up without any formal schooling. Hamsun left Norway for the U.S. twice: once in 1882, and again in 1886. Each time he stayed in the U.S. for two years, holding various jobs ...

18. Franz Kafka

Writer | Le procès

Franz Kafka was born into a German-speaking Jewish family in Prague, Austrian Empire, in 1883. His father, Hermann Kafka, was a business owner and a domestic tyrant, frequently abusing his son. Kafka later admitted to his father, "My writing was all about you...". He believed that his father broke ...

19. Rudyard Kipling

Writer | The Man Who Would Be King

Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, Maharashtra, India, the son of John Lockwood Kipling, a museum director and author and illustrator. This was at the height of the "British Raj", so he was brought up by Indian nurses ("ayahs"), who taught him something of the beliefs and tongues of India. He was ...

20. Dante Alighieri

Writer | The Trophy Case: Judgement

Dante Alighieri was born in 1265 into the lower nobility of Florence, to Alighiero di Bellincione d'Alighiero, a moneylender. A precocious student, Dante's education focused on rhetoric and grammar. He also became enamored with a young girl, Beatrice Portinari, whose death in 1290 threw a grieving ...

21. Victor Hugo

Writer | Les Misérables

Although Hugo was fascinated by poems from childhood on, he spent some time on the polytechnic university of Paris until he dedicated all his work to literature. He was one of the few authors who were allowed to reach popularity during lifetime and one of the leaders of French romance.

After the ...

23. Jean Giraudoux

Writer | La duchesse de Langeais

His play, "The Madwoman of Chaillot," was awarded a 1976 Joseph Jefferson Citation for Play Production at the Old Town Plays Theatre in Chicago, Illinois with Belinda Bremmer-Carr, Michael Merritt, and directed by Patrick O'Gara.

24. Georges Bernanos

Writer | Mouchette

His granddaughter Anne Caudry is buried beside him in Pellevoisin, Indre, France.

25. Charles Baudelaire

Writer | Messengers

Charles Baudelaire was a 19th century French poet, translator, and literary/art critic. At his birth, Baudelaire's mother, Caroline Archimbaut-Dufays, was 28; his father Francois Baudelaire was 61. Charles' father instilled in him an appreciation for art, taking his young son to museums and ...

26. Miguel de Cervantes y Saavedra

Writer | Don Quixote

Miguel de Cervantes' baptism occurred on October 9, 1547, at Alcala de Henares, Spain, so it is reasonable to assume he was born around that time, and Alcala de Henares has long claimed itself as his birthplace. The son of Rodrigo de Cervantes, an itinerant and not-too-successful surgeon, Miguel ...

27. Leo Tolstoy

Writer | Anna Karenina

Count Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy was born on September 9, 1828, in his ancestral estate Yasnaya Polyana, South of Moscow, Russia. He was the fourth of five children in a wealthy family of Russian landed Gentry. His parents died when he was a child, and he was brought up by his elder brothers and ...

28. Gustave Flaubert

Writer | Salammbo

Gustave Flaubert was born on December 12, 1821, in Rouen, Seine-Inférieure, France. His father was a Medical Doctor and practiced surgery in Rouen, in Hôtel-Dieu (where Flaubert was born). His mother was from an aristocratic Norman family. Young Flaubert received a good private education with ...

30. Geoffrey Chaucer

Writer | The Ribald Tales of Canterbury

Portrayed by Paul Bettany in A Knight's Tale (2001) starring Heath Ledger in the title role.

31. George Bernard Shaw

Writer | My Fair Lady

The Anglo-Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950), winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925, acquired a reputation as the greatest dramatist in the English language during the first half of the 20th Century for the plays he had written at the height of his creativity from "Mrs. ...

32. Friedrich Nietzsche

Soundtrack | Die Höhenluft - für Alle und Keinen

Friedrich Nietzsche was raised having five women around him - his mother, grandmother, two aunts and a sister, all living together. His father, a Lutheran pastor, died when Nietzsche was 5 years old. After a Catholic school he studied music and Greco-Roman culture at the famous Schulpfora from 1858...

33. Nikolay Gogol

Writer | Les Âmes mortes

Nikolai (Mykola) Gogol was a Russian humorist, dramatist, and novelist of Ukrainian origin. His ancestors were bearing the name of Gogol-Janovsky and claimed belonging to the upper class Polish Szlachta. Gogol's father, a Ukrainian writer living on his old family estate, had five other children. He...

34. Henrik Ibsen

Writer | While We're Young

Henrik Ibsen was born on March 20th in Stockmannsgerden in Skien. His mother was Marichen and his father was Knud, a merchant. On 1835 his father gave up his business and the family moved to Venstop, a farm in Gjerpen. In 1843 he confirmed in Gjerpen church and left home in order to apprentice to ...

35. Paul Valéry

Writer | Auf der Lesebühne der Literarischen Illustrierten

Paul Valéry was born on October 30, 1871 in Cette [now Sète], Herault, France. He was a writer, known for Auf der Lesebühne der Literarischen Illustrierten (1966), L'ippogrifo (1974) and Paul Valéry (1960). He was married to Jeannie Gobillard. He died on July 20, 1945 in Paris, France.

38. Gabriel Marcel

Writer | Plaisir du théâtre

Gabriel Marcel was born on December 7, 1889 in Paris, France as Gabriel Honoré Marcel. He was a writer, known for Plaisir du théâtre (1956), Un homme de Dieu (1961) and Een man van God (1970). He was married to Jacqueline Boegner. He died on October 8, 1973 in Paris.

39. Jean-Paul Sartre

Writer | Les orgueilleux

Jean-Paul Charles-Aymard Sartre was born on June 21, 1905, in Paris, France. His father, Jean-Baptiste Sartre, was an officer in the French Navy. His mother, Anne-Marie Schweitzer, was the cousin of Nobel Prize laureate Dr. Albert Schweitzer. Sartre was one year old when his father died. He was ...

40. Albert Camus

Writer | The Misunderstanding

Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Mondovi, Algeria. His parents were Spanish-French-Algerian (pied noir) colonists. His father, named Lucien Camus died in the Battle of Marne (1914) during WWI. His mother, named Catherine Helene Sintes was of Spanish origin, she was a mute deaf, due to ...

41. Edgar Allan Poe

Writer | Eliza Graves

Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts. His father, named David Poe Jr., and his mother, named Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins Poe, were touring actors. Both parents died in 1811, and Poe became an orphan before he was 3 years old. He was adopted by John Allan, a tobacco ...

42. Joseph Conrad

Writer | Sabotage

Joseph Conrad was born in Berdichev, Kiev Province, now the Ukraine, to Polish parents Apollo Korzeniowski and Ewa Bobrowska. His father was a political activist and he and his family were exiled after he was suspected of involvement with revolutionary activities. Conrad had no friends as a child ...

43. Günter Grass

Writer | Die Blechtrommel

Günter Grass was born on October 16, 1927 in Free City of Danzig as Günter Wilhelm Grass. He was a writer, known for The Tin Drum (1979), Television Theater (1953) and New York Television Theatre (1965). He was married to Ute Grunert and Anna Margareta Schwartz. He died on April 13, 2015 in Lübeck,...

44. Gaston Bachelard

Writer | Chillida

He is one one the most important French Philosophers. He was a specialist of Epistemology and Poetry. His books have got more and more success all over the world. A true master of "Dreaming".

45. Ralph Waldo Emerson

Writer | Snowbound

Ralph Waldo Emerson was born on May 25, 1803 in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. He was a writer, known for Snowbound (1920). He was married to Lydia Jackson and Ellen Louisa Tucker. He died on April 27, 1882 in Concord, Massachusetts.

46. Paul Celan

Writer | Die Geträumten

British author Martin Amis dedicated his book "The Zone of Interest", published in 2014, to Paul Celan.

47. Publius Vergilius Maro

Writer | Troy: The Resurrection of Aeneas

Buried by his own request at his villa in Naples, under the epitaph, "Mantua me genuit; Calabri rapuere; tenet nunc Parthenope; cecini pascua, rura, duces" ("Mantua gave me birth, Calabria took me away, and now Naples holds me; I sang of pastures, farms, leaders").

48. Ovid

Writer | Medusa

Born a year after the notorious murder of Julius Caesar, Ovid passed his childhood in relative peace despite the civil wars that wracked the Roman Empire. At last Augustus was crowned emperor and the Pax Romana began, and Ovid set out to study rhetoric in Rome. Despite a promising career in ...

49. Hannah Arendt

Writer | Film socialisme

Hannah Arendt was born on October 14, 1906 in Hannover, Germany as Johanna Arendt. She was a writer, known for Film socialisme (2010), Hannah Arendt: On Walter Benjamin (1968) and Un certain regard (1964). She was married to Heinrich Blücher and Günther Anders. She died on December 4, 1975 in New ...

50. Theodor W. Adorno

Actor | Die Unbezähmbare Leni Peickert

Theodor W. Adorno was born on September 11, 1903 in Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany as Theodor Ludwig Wiesengrund. He was an actor, known for The Indomitable Leni Peickert (1970). He was married to Gretel Karplus. He died on September 10, 1969 in Visp, Oberwallis, Switzerland.

51. Gilles Deleuze

Writer | The Thoughts That Once We Had

Gilles Deleuze was born on January 18, 1925 in Paris, France. He was married to Denise Paul Grandjouan. He died on November 4, 1995 in Paris.

53. William Shakespeare

Writer | M the Movie

William Shakespeare's birthdate is assumed from his baptism on April 25. His father John was the son of a farmer who became a successful tradesman; his mother Mary Arden was gentry. He studied Latin works at Stratford Grammar School, leaving at about age 15. About this time his father suffered an ...

54. Luís Vaz de Camões

Writer | A Comédia de Deus

Parents: Simão Vaz de Camões and Ana de Sá e Macedo.

55. John Milton

Writer | Paradise Lost

Children: Anne (29 July 1646), Mary (25 October 1648), John (16 March 1651 - June 1652), Deborah (2 May 1652) by Mary Powell; Katherine (19 October 1657 - 17 March 1658) by Katherine Woodcock.

56. Walt Whitman

Writer | Messengers

Walt Whitman was born on May 31, 1819 in Long Island, New York, USA. He was a writer, known for Messengers (2004), Your Favorite Story (1953) and American Torso (1975). He died on March 26, 1892 in Camden, New Jersey, USA.

57. Oscar Wilde

Writer | The Picture of Dorian Gray

A gifted poet, playwright and wit, Oscar Wilde was a phenomenon in 19th-century England. He was illustrious for preaching the importance of style in life and art, and of attacking Victorian narrow-mindedness.

Wilde was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1854. He studied at Trinity College in Dublin before ...

58. Alexander Pushkin

Soundtrack | Florence Foster Jenkins

Born to noble parents (his father Sergei was a retired major, and his mother, Nadezhda, was the granddaughter of an ennobled Ethiopian general) on the 26th of May, 1799 in Moscow, Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin became involved with a liberal underground revolutionary group that saw him exiled to the ...

59. Rabindranath Tagore

Writer | Charulata

Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 6, 1861 in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India. He is known for his work on Charulata (1964), Daak Ghar and Aakashee Pullover. He was married to Mrinalini Devi. He died on August 7, 1941 in Calcutta.

60. Marquis de Sade

Writer | Sinfonía erótica

Born a rich nobleman, Marquis being his title rather than his birth name, De Sade gradually became a decadent libertine among the French society of Louis XVI. A liberally educated iconoclast, he wrote prose and verse, and specialized in testing the limits of decency, breaking tabboos and shocking ...

61. Guy de Maupassant

Writer | La criada de la granja

Guy de Maupassant was born on August 5, 1850 in Château de Miromesnil, France as Henry-René-Albert-Guy de Maupassant. He was a writer, known for La criada de la granja (1953), Masculin Féminin (1966) and The Woman Disputed (1928). He died on July 6, 1893 in Paris, France.

62. André Gide

Writer | La symphonie pastorale

Andre Paul Guillaume Gide was born on November 22, 1869, in Paris, France. His father, named Paul Gide, was a professor of law at the University of Paris, he was a descendant from Cevennes Huhuenots. His mother, named Juliette Rondeaux, was a devoted Calvinist. He received an excellent private ...

63. Giovanni Boccaccio

Writer | The Little Hours

Had a step-brother, Francesco (born c. 1320).

64. Luigi Pirandello

Writer | Ma non è una cosa seria

Luigi Pirandello was born on June 28, 1867 in Girgenti, Sicily, Italy. He was a writer, known for But It's Nothing Serious (1937), Times Gone By (1952) and Der Mann, der nicht nein sagen kann (1938). He was married to Antonietta Portulano. He died on December 10, 1936 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.

65. August Strindberg

Writer | Synd

He started to study at the Uppsala University but dropped out to pursue an economically unstable career as a journalist. In 1872 he published the first of his many masterpieces, 'Mäster Olof'. In 1874 he got a position at the Royal Library in Stockholm, which enabled him to marry 'Siri von Essen'. ...

66. Søren Kierkegaard

Writer | Le journal du séducteur

Søren Kierkegaard, a Danish philosopher who imposed restrictions on his own love and emotions and declared the idea of subjectivity as truth, is now recognized as the founder of Existentialism, an influential author in psychology, and an important figure in Postmodernism.

He was born Søren Aabye ...

67. Italo Svevo

Writer | Senilità

Svevo worked as a bank clerk, and, after marrying Lidia Veneziani, he directed her father's factory, which supplied a special naval paint. He was much more successful as a businessman than as a writer at the time, his scripts being totally neglected. His fame came when he was over sixty, thanks to ...

68. Maxim Gorky

Writer | Famine

Maksim Gorky is a pseudonym of Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov, who was born into a poor Russian family in Nizhnii Novgorod on Volga river. Gorky lost his father at an early age, he was beaten by his stepfather and became an orphan at age 9, when his mother died. He was brought up by his grandmother, ...

69. William Faulkner

Writer | To Have and Have Not

William Faulkner, one of the 20th century's most gifted novelists, wrote for the movies in part because he could not make enough money from his novels and short stories to support his growing number of dependants. The author of such acclaimed novels as "The Sound and the Fury" and "Absalom, Absalom...

70. Pierre Corneille

Writer | Les yeux ne veulent pas en tout temps se fermer, ou Peut-être qu'un jour Rome se permettra de choisir à son tour

David Ives and his play, "The Liar," at the Writers' Theatre in Chicago, Illinois was nominated for a 2013 Equity Joseph Jefferson Award for Large Play Production.

71. Molière

Writer | Le bourgeois gentilhomme

Born between January 13 and January 15 of the year 1622, from a 25yo tapestry-maker, Jean Poguelin (who worked for the King of France from 1631), and a 20yo woman, Marie Cresé, in Paris, Jean-Baptiste Poquelin lost his mother when he was 10. From 1638 to 1640, he studied in the Jesuit college of ...

73. Robert Louis Stevenson

Writer | Treasure Planet

Robert Louis Stevenson was born on November 13, 1850 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was a writer, known for Treasure Planet (2002), The Body Snatcher (1945) and Jekyll & Hyde. He was married to Fanny Osbourne. He died on December 3, 1894 in Vailima, Samoa.

74. D.H. Lawrence

Writer | The Plainclothesman

David Herbert Lawrence was born in Nottinghamshire, England, 11 September 1885. His father was a coal miner, his mother a genteel woman who sought education and refinement for her son. Lawrence earned a university degree and taught school for a short time. While still a student he began to publish ...

75. Francois Rabelais

Writer | Kraft Television Theatre

French satirist. Author of "Gargantua and Pantagruel", the famous medieval epic satire about giants. To date, it has never been filmed or dramatized for television.

76. Julia Kristeva

Writer | Contretemps

Julia Kristeva was born on June 24, 1941 in Sliwen, Bulgaria. She is a writer and actress, known for Contretemps (1990), Julia Kristeva, Étrange étrangère (2005) and Ex Libris (1988).

77. Antonin Artaud

Actor | La passion de Jeanne d'Arc

Antonin Artaud was born on September 4, 1896 in Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France as Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud. He was an actor and writer, known for The Passion of Joan of Arc (1928), Graziella (1926) and Lucrezia Borgia (1935). He died on March 4, 1948 in Ivry-sur-Seine, Val-de-Marne, France.

78. Friedrich Hölderlin

Writer | Die Antigone des Sophokles nach der Hölderlinschen Übertragung für die Bühne bearbeitet von Brecht 1948 (Suhrkamp Verlag)

Hölderlin died after a long period of (possibly faked) insanity, during which he restricted his conversation to the nonsense-phrase "Pallaksch, Pallaksch".

80. Agustina Bessa-Luís

Writer | O Convento

Agustina Bessa-Luís was born on October 15, 1922 in Vila Mea, Amarante, Portugal as Maria Augustina Ferreira Teixeira de Bessa. She was a writer and actress, known for The Convent (1995), Party (1996) and Anxiety (1998). She was married to Alberto de Oliveira Luís. She died on June 3, 2019 in Porto...

81. Robert Browning

Writer | A Light Woman

He had one child, Robert Wiedemann Barrett Browning, born in 1849. He was called Penini and Pen for short.

82. George Eliot

Writer | Middlemarch

Mary Anne Evans was born on 22 November 1819 at South Farm, Arbury Hall near Nuneaton, Warwickshire. Her parents were Robert Evans, the manager of Arbury Hall, and Christina Evans. She had four siblings: Robert, Fanny, Chrissy and Isaac. Mary was always considered a serious child and she always had...

83. E.M. Forster

Writer | Howards End

E.M. Forster was born on January 1, 1879 in London, England as Edward Morgan Forster. He was a writer, known for Howards End (1992), A Room with a View (1985) and The Machine Stops (2009). He died on June 7, 1970 in Coventry, Warwickshire, England.

85. Eça de Queirós

Writer | O Mistério da Estrada de Sintra

Novelist committed to social reform who introduced Naturalism and Realism to Portugal. He is often considered to be the greatest Portuguese novelist, certainly the leading 19th-century Portuguese novelist whose fame was international. The son of a prominent magistrate, Eça de Queiroz spent his ...

88. E.T.A. Hoffmann

Writer | The Nutcracker and the Four Realms

E.T.A. Hoffmann was born on the 24th of January 1776 in Königsberg (now Russia) as the son of a lawyer. After his father's death he has a very bad childhood ending when he went to university to study law between 1792-95. He managed to get into the bureaucratic services of the state Prussia, but was...

89. Plato

Writer | Der Tod vom Sokrates

One of the greatest Greek philosophers (considered the greatest Greek writer of prose by some), Plato, was born into an aristocratic Athenian family. He met Socrates around 407 BC and became his disciple in philosophy. Socrates was executed in 399 BC. Plato and fellow disciples took refuge under ...

91. Eugène Ionesco

Actor | Ariane

In 1909, Eugen Ionescu was born in Slatina, Romania to a lawyer, Eugen Ionescu Sr. and a French lady by the name of Therese Zicard. In 1913 they moved to France, but in 1924 when his parents divorced, he returned with his father to Romania. He studied in Craiova and in 1929 he attended the ...

92. Anatole France

Writer | Crainquebille

Anatole France, the 1921 Nobel laureate for literature, was born Jacques Anatole Thibault in Paris on April 16, 1844, the son of a Paris book dealer. He attended the Parisian boys' school Collège Stanislas, where he received a classical education, and later matriculated at the École des Chartes. ...

93. G.K. Chesterton

Writer | Father Brown

Prolific English poet, novelist, essayist G (ilbert) K(eith) Chesterton was born in London on 29 May 1874. He was traditional, extolling the virtues of the 'little man', and the romantic, pre-modern past. He rejected the experimental in art as well as life, and distrusted the state and the modern ...

94. Aeschylus

Writer | Les noces rouges

Aeschylus is considered by some as the greatest writer ever to walk the face of earth. He was born to a noble family in Elefsinia, a few miles from Athens. The greatest festival in his hometown was the Elefsinia Mysteria, a dramatic imitation of nature's awakening in spring. Aeschylus is the ...

95. Sophocles

Writer | Antigoni

Versatile Greek poet and tragic dramatist. He was the son of Sophilus, a wealthy arms manufacturer. Sophocles studied tragedy under Aeschylus, whom he subsequently defeated in the dramatic festival of 468 BC, thus gaining his first victory at these competitions. He became a general under Nicias and...

96. Nathaniel Hawthorne

Writer | Graves and Goblins

Elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1900 (inaugural election).

97. Federico García Lorca

Writer | Shooting Bernarda

Federíco Garcia Lorca was born in the south of Spain (Andalusia) in 1898 and soon became the region's most famous artist. A poet, playwright, artist, musician and lecturer, he wrote groundbreaking plays such as 'Blood Wedding' and 'Yerma'. His support of the Spanish Republic in the 1930s led to his...

100. Friedrich Schiller

Writer | Captain Z-Ro

Friedrich Schiller was born on Nov. 10, 1759, in Marbach, Germany. His father was an army doctor. Growing up in a very poor environment, Schiller eventually managed to get the support of a wealthy duke that enabled him to study medicine. He served as a military doctor first, but through the efforts...



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