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Johann Strauss Poster

Biography

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Overview (3)

Born in Sankt Ulrich, Austrian Empire [now Vienna, Austria]
Died in Vienna, Austria-Hungary [now Austria]  (pneumonia)
Nickname The Waltz King

Mini Bio (1)

Johann Strauss (or Johann Strauss son), one of Austrian music's most famous names who studied music secretly against his father's will, later became the leader of his father's band and the indisputable "waltz king"; his waltz 'On the Beautiful Blue Danube', is the main theme in Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968).

He was born Johann Sebastian Strauss on October 25, 1825, in Vienna, Austria. His father was the composer Johann Strauss Sr. Young Johann Strauss studied music secretly with his father's first violinist in the Strauss orchestra. He was reprimanded by his father who wanted him to be a banker. He continued studies of counterpoint, harmony, and violin, and concentrated fully on a career as a composer at the age of 17, when his father left the family.

Young Strauss made his debut at the Dommayer's Casino in Hietzing, the upscale district of Vienna. He became the rival of his father and gained popularity performing with his own orchestra. He took the side of revolutionaries when Vienna was racked up by the bourgeois revolution of 1848. He publicly played La Marseillaise and was hauled up by the Viennese authorities. That caused him denial of position of the Hofballmusikdirektor (Royal Ball Music Director). His career continued after the death of his father in 1849, which allowed the merger of two Strauss orchestras under the baton of Johann Strauss.

Strauss took his united orchestra on extensive tours in Austria, Germany, Poland, Italy, France, and Britain. Russian Tsar Alexander II commissioned Strauss to play at Pavlovsk, the royal suburb of St. Peterburg. There was the opening of a new railway and a landmark concert hall for Russian aristocracy. Strauss also accepted commissions to play for the Grand Prince Michael in St. Petersburg, Russia. In 1853, when the commissions became too much to be handled, his mother persuaded younger brother Joseph to take over the helm of the Strauss Orchestra. Strauss eventually toured and concertized to an exhaustion and was confined to a sanatorium to recuperate as he was suffering from neuralgia. He was married three times and had complications with the Catholic Church which refused to grant him a divorce. Strauss had to change his religion and nationality in order to get married to the woman he loved; he became a citizen of German Duchy of Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha. After that he became free to marry his third wife Adele, who encouraged his creative talent in his later years.

Johann Strauss was the most sought after composer of dance music in the second half of the 19th Century. His influence is felt in the music of the operetta maestro Franz Lehár and other composers. Among his admirers were Richard Wagner, Johannes Brahms, Richard Strauss and other prominent composers. Strauss wrote Die Fledermaus (The Bat), Der Zigeunerbaron (The Gypsy Baron), Wiener Blut (The Viennese Blood), and other popular operettas. His exquisite waltzes: The Blue Danube, Tales from the Vienna Wood, Man only Lives Once, On the Beautiful Blue Danube, and many other waltzes made Johann Strauss the indisputable "waltz king" of the 19th century. He died of pneumonia on June 3, 1899, in Vienna, and was laid to rest in the cemetery of Zentralfriedhof in Vienna, Austria.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Steve Shelokhonov

Spouse (3)

Adele Deutsch (15 August 1887 - 3 June 1899) ( his death)
Ernestine Henriette Angelika Dittrich (28 May 1878 - 9 December 1882) ( divorced)
Henriette Karoline Josefa Treffz-Chalupetzky (27 August 1862 - 8 April 1878) ( her death)

Trivia (4)

Among his best known works are: "An der schönen blauen Donau" ("The Blue Danube" waltz), "Der Karneval in Rom", "Die Fledermaus" ("The Bat"), "Prinz Methusalem", "Simplicius", etc. He was married three times, but remained childless.
Austrian composer and director. Among his best known works are: "An der schönen blauen Donau" ("The Blue Danube" waltz), "Der Karneval in Rom", "Die Fledermaus" ("The Bat"), "Prinz Methusalem", "Simplicius", etc. He was married three times, but remained childless.
Brother of Josef Strauß.

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